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Carbohydrate Metabolism Test Kit

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Product Tags

Clinical Chemistry Solution

Series

Product Name

Abbr

Carbohydrate Metabolism

Glucose

Glu

Hemoglobin A1c

HbA1c

Glycated Albumin

GA

Fructosamine

FMN

Lactic Acid

LAC

Glucose is the transport form of sugar in blood and plays an important role in glucose metabolism. Sugar in food is the main source of sugar in the body, which is absorbed into monosaccharides by the human body and transported to tissues and cells for anabolism and catabolism. Biochemical indexes related to glucose metabolism include glucose, glycated hemoglobin, glycated albumin, fructosamine and lactic acid. Blood sugar levels are regulated by the nervous system and hormones and remain relatively stable. When these regulations lose their original relative balance, hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia occurs.

Through the detection of blood glucose, can achieve auxiliary diagnosis, diabetes monitoring, etc. For diabetics, blood glucose monitoring is used to understand the control level and fluctuation of blood glucose. It is one of the important means of monitoring the condition of diabetes patients and an important part of diabetes management.

HbA1c is the gold standard used to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment programs in diabetes mellitus. Because HbA1c is a stable indicator reflecting long-term blood glucose changes, it has become a hot spot in the diagnosis of diabetes.

Glycosylated albumin can reflect the overall level of glycosylated serum protein. Glycated albumin is a measure of average blood sugar levels over the past 2-3 weeks. That’s shorter than the gold standard for blood sugar, HbA1c.

Fructosamine is a high molecular ketosamine structure similar to fructosamine formed in the process of plasma protein and glucose non-enzymatic saccharification. Its concentration is positively correlated with blood glucose level, and relatively stable, but its determination is not affected by blood glucose. Since the half-life of plasma protein is 17 ~ 20 days, fructosamine can reflect the average blood glucose level of diabetic patients within 2 ~ 3 weeks before detection, which to some extent makes up for the deficiency that hba1c cannot reflect the change of blood glucose concentration in a short period. The determination of fructosamine is rapid and inexpensive, and it is a good indicator to evaluate the control of diabetes mellitus, especially for brittle diabetes mellitus and gestational diabetes mellitus.

Lactic acid is an intermediate product produced during glucose metabolism in the body.  Due to the relatively excessive exercise, which exceeds the intensity of aerobic exercise, lactic acid generated in the body cannot be further decomposed into water and carbon dioxide in a short period of time, oxygen supply is insufficient and anaerobic metabolism is formed, resulting in a large amount of excessive product lactic acid accumulation in the body.  Therefore, the determination of lactic acid can be used as a sensitive and reliable index to reflect tissue hypoxia.


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