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Inorganic Ions and Others Test Kit

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Clinical Chemistry Solution

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Product Name

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Inorganic Ions and Others

Calcium

Ca

Magnesium

Mg

Phosphorus

IP

Carbon Dioxide

CO2

α-Amylase

AMY

Biochemical electrolyte mainly refers to calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and other detection.More than 99% of calcium in the body is found in bones and teeth. Calcium is actively absorbed in the duodenum and excreted through the intestines and kidneys. Normal blood calcium fluctuates very little and remains at normal level. The common causes of hypocalcemia are: ① hypoalbuminemia; ② Chronic renal failure; ③ hypothyroidism, insufficient parathyroid hormone secretion; ④ Vitamin D deficiency; ⑤ Electrolyte metabolism disorder complicated with hyperphosphatemia; Large amount of input citrate anticoagulation, etc. Hypercalcemia is a syndrome of multiple causes, such as thiazide use, vitamin D intoxication, primary hyperthyroidism, etc. Hypercalcemia is not common clinically and most patients have no characteristic symptoms. Clinical detection of blood calcium is helpful to understand the pathological mechanism of bone metabolism and related diseases, and provide a reliable basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

Magnesium is mainly found in cells and is an activator of many enzymes. It is an essential element for the structure of DNA, RNA and ribosome macromolecules and an important element for maintaining normal nerve function. Clinical magnesium deficiency is more common, vomiting, gastrointestinal decompression, acute diarrhea, local enteritis and ulcerative colitis can lead to magnesium loss; Increased renal excretion is also a common cause of magnesium deficiency, such as kidney disease, diabetes, hypercalcemia, metabolic acidosis, and phosphate deficiency. Hypermagnesemia is not common, renal insufficiency oliguria, hypothyroidism can occur hypermagnesemia. Clinical detection of magnesium can help to understand the pathological mechanism of bone metabolism and related diseases, and provide a reliable basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

Phosphorus is an important component of the body, and phosphorus in plasma usually refers to the concentration of inorganic phosphorus. The increase of inorganic phosphorus was common in ① hypoparathyroidism; ② Renal insufficiency or failure, uremia or late nephritis, phosphate excretion disorders make serum phosphorus retention; ③ Too much vitamin D, promote intestinal calcium and phosphorus absorption, serum calcium and phosphorus increased; ④ Multiple myeloma, osteoporosis, bone metastases, fracture healing stage; The decrease of inorganic phosphorus is common in ① hyperparathyroidism; ② rickets or rickets accompanied by secondary parathyroid hyperplasia; ③ Renal tubule disease; ④ In CELiac disease, there is a large amount of fat in the intestine, which inhibits phosphorus absorption.

The amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) in a sample of human serum or plasma. Carbon dioxide is the total amount of all CO2 in plasma in various forms, most of which (95%) is in hCO3-bound form. The content of CO2 in blood plays an important role in regulating the acid-base balance of human body. Its change mainly reflects the metabolic acid-base balance disorder.

Determination of serum amylase and urinary amylase is the most commonly used laboratory diagnostic method for pancreatic diseases. When suffering from pancreatic diseases, or pancreatic exocrine dysfunction can cause the increase or decrease of its activity, which is helpful for the diagnosis of pancreatic diseases. Urinary amylase levels fluctuate greatly, so it is better to use serum amylase detection, or both determination. Changes in amylase activity can also be seen in some non-pancreatic diseases, so the determination of amylase isoenzymes when necessary is of significance in differential diagnosis. Most commonly seen in acute pancreatitis, acute pancreatitis is one of the important diagnostic indicators.


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